What is DEF?
In 2010, the EPA implemented strict Emission Standards for all New Light Duty and Heavy Duty Vehicles. For this, Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology was selected by diesel engine manufacturers that used Diesel Exhaust Fuel (DEF) to reduce harmful nitrogen oxides (NOx) to inert nitrogen gas (N2). DEF is a 32.5% aqueous solution of urea that breaks up into ammonia and carbon dioxide. When these gases along with exhaust gas are passed over the catalyst, NOx turns into N2.
How Is DEF Made?
Although urea is readily found as fertilizer, it is impossible to make a DIY DEF at home as DEF uses higher grade ammonia, suitable for the environment. That is why truck drivers have to buy it from truck stops. As of now, around a quarter of all the Class 8 trucks on the road require DEF to operate efficiently. This number is rising by 30,000 every month. Retail sites, such as truck stops, cannot afford to not provide DEF along with gasoline or diesel, especially in the near future.
What is Selective Catalytic Reduction?
SCR serves the purpose of controlling NOx emission for which, previously, engineers had to modify the in-cylinder combustion process. Instead, they could concentrate on improving fuel economy. Thus, trucks using DEF ultimately saved money. Moreover, DEF is easy to store, safe to handle and easily available.
Naturally the market for this fluid is growing fast. Today there are almost three quarters of a million of Class 4 to Class 8 vehicles that use DEF, according to leading market analyst, Integer Research. By the end of 2015, consumption of Diesel Exhaust Fluid in North America will reach up to 402 million gallons. Most truck stops carry 1 to 2.5 gallons of DEF in containers; a lot of them keep it in fuel islands as well. At present over 1,000 truck-stops provide DEF at the fuel island. So it is evident that soon truckers will have no trouble finding fuel sitesthat provide DEF at the fuel island. As a truck-stop, you will soon lose out to the competition if you do not provide DEF on the island.
Can I Just Sell Jugs of DEF at My Retail Facility?
Even carrying DEF in jugs is less economical; installing pumps and dispensers is a better investment of your dollars. Price of DEF per gallon in jug form is over $6 while that at the pump is an average of slightly over $2.75. The DEF pumps have magnetic guards which make sure DEF is not put in the wrong tank.
North America has a large surplus of production of DEF. Free market completion and plentiful retail infrastructure is likely to keep the price of DEF steady or even reduce it. It is also non-toxic and with proper handling, has no harmful effect on humans, animals and environment. More and more trucks are likely to introduce SCR technology and demand of DEF will increase significantly. Poised at such a market junction, truck-stops will only lose patrons in delaying incorporation of DEF in their fuel islands.
Who Can Install Above or Below Ground Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tanks?
Innovative Fueling Solutions can design and install fueling equipment at your facility, including DEF specified above and below-ground tanks, dispensers, pumps and more. IFS can personally attest to the importance of DEF, and how it will impact our the future of your economy and environment. If you own or operate a truck stop, C-store, run a private fleet or are a fuel jobber, contact Innovative Fueling Solutions today to learn more about how Diesel Exhaust Fluid can benefit your business.